Sio Sam Ong
Sio Sam Ong (?), literally meaning "Three Little Emperors" is a leading Chinese triad in Malaysia; with a strong presence in the north (i.e. Kedah, Perlis). Mainly based in Penang, it is widely considered to be one of the most powerful triads in the country. Like their counterparts in Singapore & Taiwan, the Sio Sam Ong mostly consists of the Hokkien ethnic group. Background It is believed that Sio Sam Ong was established during the 1940s to 1950s; being mainly active in northern Malaysia. According to the Malaysian police, Sio Sam Ong is currently one of the most active triads in Penang and it is believed that its member were actively involved in politics by joining the Malaysian Chinese Association. It is currently headed by Dragon Head, Ong King Ee, nicknamed "Jackie Chan". According to Penang police the triad had been involved in international drug trafficking, kidnapping, murder, extortion, racketeering, and loansharking at its height. The triad gained notoriety by the slaying of six people in Taman Bersatu, Sungai Petani, in September 1992 . The members were also involved in at least 10 murders in the state in the late '80s and early '90s. There were five members executed for betraying the triad, the remains were exhumed from unmarked graves in Mount Erskine, Penang. Many of its high-ranking members are still high on the Malaysian Police wanted list. Sio Sam Ong is one of the offshoots of the Ang Bin Hoay (Society of the Ang People) triad. Ang Bin Hoay is the Hokkien pronunciation of Hung Meng Hooi, whose origins can be traced back to the beginnings of the Qing dynasty. Hung Meng Hooi was an anti-Manchu secret society. The organisation adopted the name Hung because Hung was the re
gning name of the Ming dynasty emperors, who are descendants of Chu Yuan Chang, the founder of Ming dynasty. Western scholars called the Hung Meng Hooi a triad organisation because there are always three elements in the name of early Hung Meng Hooi societies. For example, the name Heaven and Earth Society (Tien Ti Hui), contains the heavenly, earthly, and human elements (society representing human beings). Triad becomes a convenient way of identifying Chinese secret societies, so much so that a non-Hung Meng Hooi secret society is also called a triad. However the way of identifying is also used by other races such as Indian gang in Malaysia. The famous Indian society '36' or TRIADS 6 announce that soon they will be the most active triad society in Malaysia and Asia. Penang is a state in Malaysia and the name of its constituent island, located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. It is bordered by Kedah in the north and east, and Perak in the south. Penang is the second smallest Malaysian state in area after Perlis, and the eighth most populous. It is composed of two parts – Penang Island, where the seat of government is, and Seberang Perai (formerly, and occasionally Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula. Highly urbanised and industrialised Penang is one of the most developed and economically important states in the country, as well as a thriving tourist destination. Penang has the third-highest Human Development Index in Malaysia, after the federal territory of Kuala Lumpur and the state of Selangor. Its heterogeneous population is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language, and religion. A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite.